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Senior Flyers to play two game series against Whitehorse for Coy Cup birth

first_imgThe Fort St. John Senior Flyers have announced the dates for their upcoming AA playdowns which will be played against the Whitehorse Huskies. The two teams will clash at the North Peace Arena on February 28 at 8 p.m., and again the following day at 2:30 p.m.The two teams are squaring off in an effort to determine who will advance to Fort Nelson to compete in this year’s Coy Cup from March 24-28.The winner of the series will be determined on a points format. Points are determined by regulation wins (two points), and ties (one point). Total goals in the two game series is irrelevant, and if the teams are tied in points after the two games, overtime would be used to determine the winner.- Advertisement –last_img read more

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Wolves 2-1 Derby: George Saville double sinks resurgent Rams

first_imgWolves midfielder George Saville’s first two goals for the club halted a three-match losing run and condemned promotion-chasing Derby to a 2-1 defeat.Saville gave Wolves a 14th-minute lead in the Sky Bet Championship clash before Chris Martin equalised on the stroke of half-time.But Saville’s 86th-minute header gave Wolves their first win in eight games to deal a blow to Derby’s hopes of climbing into the Barclays Premier League.Derby had arrived at Wolves after back-to-back wins but were unable to capitalise on their dominance of the ball.Jacob Butterfield, who scored Derby’s winner in Wednesday’s 1-0 victory against Blackburn, tried to inject some life into a low-key opening when he tested Wolves goalkeeper Carl Ikeme in the fifth minute.After being picked out by Chris Martin, Butterfield curled in a low drive from the edge of the area but Ikeme was more than equal to the task as he collected the shot just inside his near post.Derby had looked the side most likely to break the deadlock but they were stunned when Saville, making just his 16th appearance following his arrival from Chelsea in August 2014, struck with a neat finish.Winger Nathan Byrne cut in from the right wing and rolled a pass into the path of Saville, who rolled a low left-footed shot beyond the outstretched right hand of goalkeeper Scott Carson from just inside the penalty area.Saville’s day then turned briefly sour when he had a hand in Derby’s equaliser.Saville was adjudged by referee Graham Scott to have fouled Bradley Johnson just outside the penalty area.Martin, who had found chances hard to come by until this point in proceedings, skilfully lifted the ball over the Wolves wall and saw his shot leave Ikeme flat-footed.Wolves looked to mount a swift response but Bjorn Sigurdarson’s drive in stoppage time flew just over Carson’s crossbar.Derby’s interim manager Darren Wassall tried to add some more potency to his side 10 minutes into the second half when he sent on striker Andreas Weimann and winger Tom Ince to replace Johnny Russell and George Thorne.The move almost paid instant dividends on the hour when Ince latched on to Bradley Johnson’s pass and saw his curling shot drop just the wrong side of the post.Ince then repaid the compliment by teeing up Johnson in the 67th minute, only for Ikeme to comfortably save a weak shot.Wolves had struggled to test Carson in the second period, but in a rare moment of attacking intent they were denied by the width of the post.Sigurdarson found himself unmarked just outside the penalty area in the 82nd minute and saw his low bobbling shot beat Carson only to bounce to safety off the goal frame.Derby should have heeded that warning but failed to do so and were stunned when Matt Doherty’s left-wing cross picked out Saville whose towering header flew past Carson for the winner. George Saville 1last_img read more

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BRUCKLESS SHOWS IT DOES HAVE A HEART!

first_imgBreffni Gorman, Regional Manager IHF & Teresa Byrne, walk organiser handing over a cheque for €1,550.The people of Bruckless recently showed they really do have a heart when it comes to good causes.The people of the village came out in force for a 5k walk which was held on World Heart Day.More than 100 people came out for the walk which was organised by Danny and Teresa Byrne. And together the group raised a marvelous €1,550 for the Irish Heart Foundation and Letterkenny Cardiac Services.Well done to all concerned.Getting ready for the big walk! BRUCKLESS SHOWS IT DOES HAVE A HEART! was last modified: November 7th, 2014 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:5kBrucklesscharitydonegallast_img read more

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GAA NEWS: AODH RUADH U10’S INVITED TO TAKE PART IN MELVIN GAELS BLITZ

first_imgAodh Ruadh GAA NotesProud of our ladsCommiserations to Jim McGuinness, our own John Duffy, and everyone associated with the Donegal seniors on Sunday’s All-Ireland disappointment. Hard luck also to the minor squad and their sizeable Aodh Ruadh contingent on coming up just short. It was heartening to see a good turnout in the Market Yard to welcome the minor team home after creating history by becoming the first Donegal team to reach an All-Ireland final. We have a gallery of pictures from the homecoming up on aodhruadh.org.FootballThere were no senior or reserve fixtures available for the upcoming weekend at the time of sending.Aodh Ruadh under 10s have received an invitation to take part in Melvin Gaels end of year tournament this coming Saturday. Play gets under way in Kinlough at 12 noon and players are to assemble at Father Tierney Park for 11am ahead of traveling to the blitz. We will be having a training session this Friday at 6.30pm in order to prepare for the tournament.The last under 8 training session of the year takes place this Friday in Páirc Aoidh Ruaidh at 6.30pm. The last action of the season for the under 8s will be a blitz in Father Tierney Park on Saturday 4th October with Corofin visiting Ballyshannon.We have signed up to Lucozade Kit Out Project. We are not asking people to start buying Lucozade, but could anyone who does drink it please note the code on the bottle under the wrapper and pass it to your manager or to Tracey Flood.Codes will be added to our account and we get some free kit. Please pass this on to your friends or anyone you know that drinks Lucozade and ask them to keep codes for the club. The more codes we collect the more gear we can get.Hurling Things were quiet on the hurling field this week, with the only action being a number of challenge games for the under 8s against Erne Gaels in Father Tierney Park on Saturday morning, this very young squad have trained enthusiastically all season and have shown great improvement every week.Numbers have been very encouraging with this squad all year. Thanks to Andrea Gallagher for all her photography work which she posted on the Aodh Ruadh CLG Facebook page.The annual under 12 Aodh Ó Dálaigh tournament takes place this Sunday. Inaugurated in 1982, this is always a great day’s hurling.Easkey are going for a four-in-a-row, while Tuam are back to defend their Primary Shield. The action gets underway at 11am. LadiesThe lotto rota for the year has finished and a big thanks is due to the 60 people who took part. A new rota is now being put together for the coming year and it is hoped to repeat last year’s approach and everyone’s support would once again be much appreciated.Aodh Ruadh on the runAodh Ruadh Bord na nÓg are launching our first annual fund-raising run. The date for your diaries is Sunday October 12th with route details to follow shortly.Club crest soft shell jacketsAodh Ruadh now has a new piece of kit for club members to buy. It is a navy blue soft shell jacket with the Aodh Ruadh crest on the left and the GAA crest on the right. They are priced €49 each with the option of initials on the sleeve for an extra €5. Jackets are available in sizes small, medium, large, XL and XXL. They will be available for viewing and sizing on Tuesday night at All-Ireland final ticket distribution in Aras Aoidh Ruaidh and at the Up For The Match event in Dorrian’s on Thursday night. You can view samples of the jacket on aodhruadh.org.BingoAngela Nicholson was the winner of last week’s €400 jackpot. This Friday night is the September big Bingo with a €2,700 prize fund including a €1,000 jackpot game. Books cot €15/€8, or buy that book and a half for €20.Up For The MatchMany thanks to everyone who helped out at our Up For The Match. The night was a great success and perfect build-up for the All-Ireland final.We will have a gallery of images up from the event later in the week.National Coaching ForumThe 11th National Coaching Forum entitled “Fun to Full Potential, Coaching the Whole Athlete” takes place on 26th-27th September in the Institute of Technology, Sligo.The Forum will celebrate the impact good coaching makes at all levels to individuals, clubs, communities and nations and will challenge and inspire coaches to implement best practice and continue to raise the standard of coaching.The title of the Forum “Fun to Full Potential, Coaching the Whole Athlete” reflects these overall aims.Attendees will have the opportunity to discuss the challenges in providing a holistic approach to coaching, to examine the notion that coaching is not about developing sport alone, but developing individuals also.There will be a specific emphasis on a child centred approach for young people and an athlete centred approach as the person gets older. To register visit: www.coachingforum2014.comLottoThe lotto draw for a jackpot of €2,400 was postponed to Tuesday at 8.30pm in Dorrian’s bar on account of the minor’s homecoming. Check aodhruadh.org for results.The lotto team for McCosker’s Centra this Saturday is: SENIOR FOOTBALLERS.The lotto team for Kernan’s Spar this Saturday is: LADIES.GAA NEWS: AODH RUADH U10’S INVITED TO TAKE PART IN MELVIN GAELS BLITZ was last modified: September 23rd, 2014 by Mark ForkerShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:Aodh RuadhGAANoticesSportlast_img read more

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Summer Internship Report: Kyrell Newell

first_imgDES MOINES, Iowa – This summer senior Kyrell Newell is an intern at Nationwide in Des Moines, Iowa and at Drake University. GoDrakeBulldogs.com checked in with Kyrell to see what his experience has been like so far and how he believes this experience will help his future. Q: Before you started your internship, what were your goals for your internship? I wanted to learn a lot about how the corporate world operated.  I was interested in learning how the employees handle situations where a customer has just had their only car totaled and now has no way to get to work or do other activities; also other traumatic situations where very valuable items are damaged and now the customer’s life will be under a great deal of stress.  I also am hoping I can learn how to not treat a job like just a “job”, but instead this opportunity that I will help me grow and appreciate life more.  Lastly, I want to see myself adding real value to the company and doing some work of substance and making an impact in the company. Drake UniversityQ: What does your internship consist of?I am leading orientation sessions with other orientation leaders for incoming students. Q: How will this internship help you in your future?I think this internship is going to do wonders for my professional career.  I think I’m going to make a lot of valuable connections that will be important in the future. I’m expecting to learn a lot of quality information on the insurance world and how important it is to the world.  More important than that, this internship is going to equip me with a lot of necessary skills I will need in order to make an impact in the world. I plan on learning how to be a desirable employee who works for more than just money but to provide spectacular service, while making a positive work environment and becoming a reliable and dependable co-worker.  Q: How will this internship help you in your future?I’m learning a lot about how to work in a group, especially a diverse group. I’m also learning a lot about how to read and understand people and be able to tell how I can serve them best and make them feel valued.  I’m also learning a lot about what it’s like to be in a position of power and how that changes people’s perspectives on the things you do and say and how important it is to be intentional with my acts. Print Friendly Versioncenter_img Q: Before you started your internship, what were your goals for your internship?To make connections with new students, aid in helping them make friends with each other, and also make them feel comfortable with coming to Drake in the fall. NationwideQ: What does your internship consist of? I’m working in the claims division so I will be assisting claims professionals in handling claims and doing some of the behind the scenes work to make sure everything goes smoothly with them when handling a claim. Q: How did you learn about your internship opportunity? I learned about this opportunity at the career fair at Drake.last_img read more

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Multi-award winning wildlife cameraman to visit Donegal

first_imgMulti-award winning marine biologist, wildlife cameraman and documentary producer Doug Allan will be visiting Donegal next week to speak at the two-day Connecting our Coastline conference.The conference will take place on the 5th and 6th September in the Redcastle Oceanfront Hotel and will look at opportunities to continue to develop sustainable marine and coastal tourism in Donegal. According to Donegal County Council’s Head of Tourism Barney McLaughlin, it will be an excellent opportunity for any business, group or individual with an interest in this developing sector.“This conference is not only an excellent opportunity for networking with other likeminded business or individuals, it is also an opportunity to gain some great tips and advice to put into practical use in your own business or region. Attendees can also engage with the expert panel of guest speakers including Doug Allan through the Q&A sessions. The Conference is open to everyone with an interest in tourism and in particular in marine tourism and in developing Donegal as a marine tourism destination of excellence” says Barney McLaughlin. Other speakers include Mark Rowlette, Fáilte Ireland  who will provide and update on the Wild Atlantic Way and other trade opportunities and local business owner William McElhinney from Wild Strands Caife in Inishowen who will be speaking about his experiences in setting up a new business on the Wild Atlantic Way.Dr. Peter Bolan, Senior Tourism Lecturer at the University of Ulster will be discussing cross-border marketing opportunities, creating unique tourism products and diversifying into new markets. Dr. Stephen Hynes from SEMRU (Socio-Economic Marine Research Unit) in National University of Ireland, Galway will be discussing a survey of marine and coastal tourism activities in Ireland and Emagine Media will be discussing new technologies for tourism promotion such as Virtual Reality.There will be a presentation from Sport Ireland on the development of Blueways including an introduction to the new development guide and accreditation scheme while Dr. Margaret Rae from the Marine Institute will introduce the new ‘Go Atlantic Blue’ initiative.Trish Hegarty from Inis Communications will highlight opportunities from the Donegal Connect initiative and Marine and Rural Resources expert and Managing Director of Islander Kelp Ltd, Kate Burns will be speaking on ‘making marine tourism work in peripheral regions’. Gwénael Le Maguer from the Université Bretagne Sud will deliver a workshop on designing and building eco-friendly boats as part of the CAPITEN project. The conference is being hosted by Donegal County Council in association with Donegal Tourism CLG and the CAPITEN project funded by the EU Atlantic Area Programme.  Attendance is free but booking is essential and you can book your place at www.govisitdonegal.com/trade-resources .Multi-award winning wildlife cameraman to visit Donegal was last modified: August 27th, 2019 by Rachel McLaughlinShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:doug allanlast_img read more

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Blues ‘destined to win title’ – Redknapp

first_imgQPR boss Harry Redknapp says he is convinced Chelsea will win the title this season.Rangers visit Stamford Bridge on Saturday and will be huge underdogs against Jose Mourinho’s side, who are top of the table and in brilliant form.And Redknapp said: “We’re going to need a top performance on Saturday because they’re the best team in the country without a doubt in my opinion.“I can’t really see them not winning the league this year. I think they look like a team that are destined to win it.“They’ve got a fantastic squad of players, a top manager and they’re going to be the team to beat.”Redknapp will be without defender Nedum Onuoha and midfielders Joey Barton and Jordon Mutch, who all have hamstring problems.But he has suggested that Adel Taarabt could yet be included in the R’s squad following clear-the-air talks between the pair this week.See also:Ex-Spurs coach Ramsey set for QPR roleQPR trio remain sidelined for Chelsea gameTaarabt back in the fold after ‘great chat’Harry thought Hazard would join SpursFollow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebooklast_img read more

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Corning girls secure late goal for win against Winters

first_imgCorning >> The Corning girls landed a 1-0 win against Winters at home Tuesday with a late goal in the opening round of the regional playoffs. “It was an intense, hard-fought game,” Corning coach Claudia Martinez said. “But we’ve always been a team that can adapt and adjust.”It was a low scoring game courtesy of both teams’ strong defences keeping the ball away from the center and veering into the field’s corners. The Warriors made solid runs but were knocked off track by the Cards’ April …last_img read more

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Cass Bell signs multi-fight deal

first_imgHumboldt County’s own Call Bell signed a multi-fight contract with Bellator last week, ensuring himself a future with one of the nation’s most well-known mixed martial arts promotion labels.Bell, undefeated at 3-0-0 through his first three fights with Bellator, met with Bellator president Scott Coker in San Jose on May 31 to sign the first-ever fight contract for an MMA fighter from Humboldt County.An Arcata native, the 32-year-old Bell said he’s looking forward to more firsts.“It was an …last_img read more

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HIV/Aids in South Africa

first_imgA mother comforts her daughter at the HIV/Aids clinic at Helen Joseph Hospital inJohannesburg.(Image: Chris Kirchhoff, MediaClubSouthAfrica.com. For more freephotos, visit the image library)South Africa is the industrial powerhouse of Africa, one of the world’s youngest and most progressive democracies, with a rapidly growing economy located in a stable region. Fourteen years of democracy have shown major progress, but three profound problems remain: poverty, unemployment – and HIV/Aids.Sections in this article:IntroductionInfection ratesStrategy and budgetTreatmentMothers and childrenCare and support of familiesEducation and awarenessUseful linksIntroductionDespite earlier controversies, the South African government acknowledges that the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the cause of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (Aids).“In conducting [the HIV/Aids and STI Strategic Plan for South Africa, 2000 – 2005], government’s starting point is based on the premise that HIV causes Aids,” the South African Cabinet said in a statement on their meeting of 17 April 2002. “It is also critical for us, as a nation, to note that there is no cure for Aids.”When Aids was first identified in the early 1980s it was seen as an immediate death sentence. Since then, advances in treatment means a significant number of those infected with the virus live healthily for many years without succumbing to full-blown Aids. For that reason it is often journalistic practice in South Africa to refer to “HIV and Aids” rather than “HIV/Aids”, to distinguish the lives, experience and challenges of those who are HIV-positive and healthy from those who are seriously ill with Aids. But for reasons of brevity, this article uses the term “HIV/Aids”.Infection ratesSouth Africa has one of the fastest HIV-infection rates in the world. Statistics South Africa’s 2007 population estimates put the South Africa’s overall HIV-prevalence rate at about 11%, much higher than that of sub-Saharan Africa as a whole, and among the highest in the world. Others put the figure higher; UNAids estimates South Africa’s HIV/Aids prevalence rate to be 18% to 19% (18.8% in 2005 and 18.3% in 2006), significantly higher than the rate in sub-Saharan Africa (5.9%) and the world (1%).In 2006, an estimated 350 000 South Africans died of HIV/Aids – nearly half of all deaths for that year, and the leading cause of death for the country’s adult population. Between 1997 and 2004 death rates from all causes increased by about 80%, largely due to HIV/Aids. Some 290 000 South African children were estimated to be living with HIV/Aids in 2006, and the country has more than 1-million Aids orphans.The Department of Health, in collaboration with UNAids, the World Health Organisation and other groups in South Africa, have undertaken mathematical modelling to estimate the HIV prevalence in the general population. Using the spectrum model, the number of South Africans estimated to be HIV-positive some 5.41-million (5.3-million according to according to Statistics South Africa). This estimate is lower than the 2005 estimate of 5.54-million.But HIV prevalence in South Africa may be beginning a downward trend. This has been predicted in the UNAids spectrum model, as well as by independent South African models.The antenatal HIV prevalence report is a yearly study that has thus far been trusted as an indicator of the progression of HIV/Aids in the country. The 2006 results have shown some decreases in HIV prevalence among younger age groups. According to the report, HIV prevalence in women under 20 years has dropped to 13.7% from 15.9% in 2005, and HIV prevalence in women between the ages of 20 and 24 years has dropped to 28% from 30.6% in 2005. The report indicates that this drop may be suggestive of a decrease in new HIV infections due to better HIV prevention programmes.There was also a significant decline in prevalence in the 15-to-24-year and 20-to-24-year age groups. But the HIV prevalence has increased among women above 30 years.According to the Human Sciences Research Council’s Household Survey, people living in rural and urban informal settlements seem to be at highest risk of HIV infection.The survey reveals large difference in prevalence rates between the provinces. KwaZulu-Natal has the highest rate of infection, and the Western Cape the lowest – with the difference between the two provinces as high as 19%.Further research aims to uncover the cause of the decrease in HIV prevalence in younger age groups and to plan a strategy accordingly, on the basis that prevention campaigns need to be streamlined to suit all age groups. Research into the reasons for the difference in HIV/Aids infection in the provinces will also be undertaken.An estimated 6-million South Africans are expected to die from Aids-related diseases over the next 10 years. In addition, new threats such as the emergence of extensively drug resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) in South Africa may further complicate the response, given the high rates of HIV/TB co-infection and the high mortality associated with XDR-TB.The epidemics of HIV and tuberculosis (TB) are interlinked: in southern Africa, between 50% and 80% of TB patients are HIV positive. While a primary risk factor for TB infection is overcrowding, the development of the disease is significantly more likely where there is co-infection with HIV as a product of immunosuppression. In the presence of HIV, TB is associated with substantially higher case fatality rates.Strategy and budgetTremendous efforts to combat Aids are being mounted around South Africa by local, provincial and national government agencies, as well as myriad nongovernmental organisations, by creating awareness around the disease, promoting behaviour change and providing medical, social and economic assistance to those infested or affected by the epidemic.The South African government’s HIV/Aids response is primarily financed through the national health Budget, with an estimated R2.4-billion earmarked for combating the disease in 2007. In February 2007 the National Treasury provided the Department of Health with R5.3-billion to be spent on human resources, HIV/Aids, hospital revitalisation and tertiary services.The first official policy response to the epidemic was in 1992, when the government established the National Aids Coordinating Committee of South Africa, followed by the creation of the South African National Aids Council in 2000. In March 2007, the government released its National HIV/Aids and STI Strategic Plan for South Africa 2007 to 2011 (NSP), designed to guide the country’s multi-sectoral response to HIV/Aids.The plan was adopted by Cabinet in 2007. It aims to achieve 50% reduction rate of new infections by 2011 and provide an appropriate package of treatment, care and support services to at least 80% of people living with HIV and their families by 2011.The interventions needed to reach the NSP’s goals are structured under four key priority areas:PreventionTreatment, care and supportResearch, monitoring, and surveillanceHuman rights and access to justiceThe package of care includes:Counselling and testing services as an entry pointHealthy lifestyle interventions including nutritional supportTreatment of opportunistic infectionsAntiretroviral therapyThe plan also includes a monitoring and evaluation component critical in assessing progress and sharing research on the pandemic.The NSP is an outcome of the National Strategic Plan of 2000-2005, the Operational Plan for Comprehensive HIV/Aids Care, Management, and Treatment as well as other HIV/Aids strategic frameworks developed for government and sectors of civil society in the past five years. It represents the country’s multi-sectoral response to the challenge with HIV infection and the wide-ranging impacts of Aids.The NSP also forms part of an initiative by the member states of the Africa Region of the World Health Organisation which committed 2007 to “The Year for Accelerating HIV Prevention”. More than 1 060 health professionals have been recruited to support the programme. Some 7 600 health professionals have been trained in the management, care and treatment of HIV/Aids.The NSP is based upon a set of key guiding principles, including:Supportive leadershipEffective communicationEffective partnershipsMeaningful involvement of people living with HIV/AidsPromoting social change and cohesionSustainable programmes and fundingThe government budget allocated for NGOs involved in the response to Aids and TB funding has been increased from R56 million in 2006/2007 to R62 million in 2007/2008 financial year. The funds will be made available to eligible organisations providing the following services:Prevention interventions, which include voluntary counselling and testing, prevention of mother to child transmission of the virus, youth life skills and high transmission areas interventionsCommunity mobilisation for Aids competence, including home-based careSupport for people living with HIV/AidsTreatment adherence counselling, including tuberculosis directly observed treatment governance and leadership developmentGovernment interventions also place a strong emphasis on promoting abstinence and faithfulness, with a massive condom distribution programme that provides some 300 million free condoms to the public every year.Cabinet is the highest political authority, and responsibility for dealing with ongoing HIV/Aids related matters has been deferred to the Inter-Ministerial Committee on Aids (IMC) composed of eight ministries. The South African National Aids Council (Sanac) is the highest national body to provides strategic and political guidance as well as support and monitoring of sector programmes.Sanac was reconstituted in April 2007, officially bringing together government and civil society in a renewed partnership against HIV/Aids. The newly-strengthened SANAC will operate at three levels through:A high level council, meeting twice a year, chaired by South Africa’s deputy presidentSector level coordination, with sectors taking responsibility for their own organisation, strategic plans, programmes, monitoring, and reporting to SanacProgramme level organisation led by the social cluster of governmentThe cluster of government bodies involved in trying to combat HIV/Aids is called the HIV/Aids and TB Cluster, which is made up of the directorate for HIV/Aids and STIs, the Government Aids Action Plan (GAAP) and the directorate for tuberculosis.The Department of Health has also introduced a Healthy Lifestyle Programme that aims to promote regular physical activity and good nutrition, control the use of tobacco, reduce the levels of alcohol and substance abuse, and promote safe sexual behaviour.TreatmentThe South African government’s treatment initiative falls under the Comprehensive HIV/Aids Care, Management and Treatment Plan to address the challenges posed by HIV/Aids. South Africa has an extensive antiretroviral (ARV) treatment programme, with 213 000 patients initiated on ARV treatment by the end of September 2006, and an estimated additional 90 000 to 100 000 patients initiated in the private and non-government sector.The country already has the largest number of people on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in the world, but with an estimated 1-million people in need of ART, South Africa also has one of the highest unmet needs for ART in the world. But progress has been made. At the end of 2006, an estimated 287 000 to 363 000 people in the country were receiving ART, about 33% of those in need.By 2002, the government had set up 597 testing and counselling sites for HIV as a strategy for prevention and care of HIV. At these sites treatment for opportunistic infections is available for both HIV-positive and HIV-negative patients.The government is working with pharmaceutical companies to lower the costs of drugs to treat these infections. In December 2000, an agreement was signed with pharmaceutical company Pfizer to provide Fluconazole (Diflucan) to public hospitals and clinics for two years. Funding was provided for the training of healthcare workers in diagnosing and managing oral thrush and cryptococcal meningitis.In the belief that antiretrovirals can cause harm if not administered correctly or if health services are inadequate, the government will intensify its campaign to make sure that patients infected with HIV, TB, thrush and meningitis follow the correct treatment advice.The government continues to lobby drug companies to lower the cost of antiretrovirals and investigate the production of generic equivalents. In the knowledge that poverty increases vulnerability to illness, it will also work towards poverty alleviation and provision of nutrition for those lacking it; as well as encourage investigation into alternative treatments, particularly those that boost the body’s immune system.Mothers and childrenIn September 2001, the South African government initiated a national programme to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV. In 2005, Prevention of Mother-To-Child Transmission programme (PMTCT) services were available at over 3 000 health sites nationwide, making the programme among the largest PMTCT programs in the world. More than 80% of government clinics are currently providing a PMTCT programme and the target is to have these services available in all clinics by December 2007.Postnatal transmission of HIV from mother-to-child through breast milk remains a key challenge despite the availability of replacement feeds as part of the national Perinatal and Maternal Morbidity and Mortality Rate programme.The percentage of HIV positive pregnant women who received antiretrovirals to reduce the possibility of transmitting HIV to their infants increased from 22% to 30% between 2004 and 2005. At least 580 880 pregnant women accessed the PMTCT services during the calendar year 2006, and of these, 74 052 antenatal clients received Nevirapine prophylaxis.In the same period, a total of 19 758 babies born to mothers living with HIV were tested for HIV infection. 16 288 babies tested HIV-negative while 3 470 babies tested HIV-positive.According to figures released in 2005, women are disproportionately affected by Aids, accounting for some 55% of HIV-positive people. Many of those with HIV/Aids depend on home-based care, placing a further burden on women, and often resulting in child-headed households.Maternal deaths are on the increase, mostly fuelled the HIV epidemic, and for many HIV-infected women, decision making in regard to pregnancy and childbirth is hampered by a lack of information on contraception, interactions between ART, drugs for treatment of opportunistic infections and lack of knowledge about their HIV status when they become pregnant.An outcome of the NSP has been the introduction of dual therapy for reduce Mother-to-child-transmission of HIV. The move from single dose nevirapine to dual therapy (nevirapine and AZT) was based on the recommendations of the Medical Research Council (MRC) and the National Essential Drugs Committee and the Medicines Control Council (MCC).There has been a reversal in the prevalence of syphilis among pregnant women in the past five years and this has been attributed to the introduction of syndromic executive summary management of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in 1995 as well as the introduction of the primary health care system.The incidence of violence against women in South Africa is high and contributes to the spread of HIV. The government is endeavouring to provide antiretrovirals to survivors of sexual assault and those with needle stick injuries, as well as counselling and testing for HIV, STIs and pregnancy.Care and support of familiesFamilies affected by the epidemic are being helped with foster care grants, assistance to child-headed households, food parcels and other interventions. The government budget for home-based and community-based care for people suffering with Aids in 2004/5 was R138-million.The government promotes voluntarism as an answer to the demand for home-based caregivers to cope with the rising number of people infected with HIV, and because hospitals cannot cope with the number of people needing care. Most care programmes in rely on unemployed volunteers from affected communities, who are usually female and unsalaried or, in a few cases, paid a small stipend.But this approach has drawn criticism from the Health Economics and Aids Research Division (Heard), of the University of KwaZulu-Natal, which recommends that the Department of Health reviews primary health care models and refine volunteer-based programmes, provide stipends and assist caregivers to ultimately obtain formal employment.Several NGOS, some supported by government, have set up home-based care projects to help those families in need, including:Hospice Association of South AfricaPalliative Medicine InstituteTreatment Action CampaignEducation and awarenessThe government’s strategy emphasises HIV/Aids prevention by promoting public awareness and delivering life skills and HIV/Aids education. The many Aids awareness campaigns run by government and NGO partners such as LoveLife and Soul City are bearing fruit. There is now a high level of awareness among youth on HIV/Aids – around 90% – but the pressing challenge is to ensure that this awareness translates into behaviour change. Life skills education, which incorporates HIV/Aids education, is now a compulsory part of the school curriculum.Khomanani is a government-led communication campaign that provides an awareness-raising drive to mobilise individuals and organisations to respond to the challenges of HIV/Aids, TB and STIs. Besides a national media campaign, it works through outreach programmes to organisations, towns and villages. Between 2004 and 2006, the government invested R165-million in Khomanani.LoveLife is a nationwide campaign which aims to promote healthy sexual behaviour among adolescents, reduce the incidence of HIV/Aids, sexually transmitted diseases and teenage pregnancies. LoveLife uses a widespread media campaign targeting adolescents, and offers educational, recreational and sexual health services in under-resourced areas.Soul City uses the mass media to promote awareness around health issues. It has won international awards for its success in integrating education and entertainment using popular radio and television drama.Useful linksDepartment of HealthAfrica Region of the World Health OrganisationHealth Systems TrustHealth-eHivan Centre for HIV/Aids NetworkingNational Association of People Living with AidsNational HIV/Aids and TB Unit, Department of HealthTreatment Action CampaignUNAids, South Africa Country PageDocuments and policiesCabinet statement on HIV/Aids, 17 April 2002Comprehensive HIV/Aids Care, Management and Treatment Plan (PDF)Government Aids Action PlanNational HIV/Aids and STI Strategic Plan for South Africa 2007 to 2011National Strategic Plan of 2000-2005Operational Plan for Comprehensive HIV/Aids Care, Management, and TreatmentPrevention of Mother-To-Child Transmission ProgrammeSouth African National Aids CouncilTreatment Hospice Association of South AfricaTreatment Action CampaignEducation and awarenessKhomananiLoveLifeSoul CityResearchHealth Economics and Aids Research Division of the University of KwaZulu-Natal Human Sciences Research Council’sMedical Research CouncilMedicines Control CouncilPerinatal HIV Research UnitReproductive Health and HIV Research UnitSouth African Aids Vaccine InitiativeStatistics South AfricaAids and the lawAids Law Project  Health Professions Council of South AfricaSouth African Human Rights Commissionlast_img read more

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